Urinary incontinence in women is known to be linked to factors such as age, obesity and childbirth injury however a study from Norway reveals that a genetic factor is also involved and that Women are more likely to develop urinary incontinence if their mothers or older sisters also have this problem.
The scientists studied family history in a group of over 2,000 incontinent women, comparing them with 6,000 women whose relatives did not have a problem with incontinence. They found that daughters of mothers with urinary incontinence had a 1.3 times average risk of being incontinent themselves. The risk was double the average if the mother had severe symptoms.
Female siblings had a 1.6 fold increased risk of incontinence if their older sister had the problem. The gene or genes involved remain to be discovered but these findings shed new light on a the condition.
Suitable for heavy or continuous urinary incontinence or faecal incontinence, these pants can be pulled up and down easily when required but have the additional protection of built in incontinence pad maximising dignity and minimising hassle.
The soft and stretchy pant shapes to the body for comfort and security and when necessary they can be easily removed and should be hygienically disposed of. TENA Pants provide outstanding dryness through FeelDry (TM) technology which rapidly absorbs even large quantities of urine into the product core and quickly away from the skin.
TENA have also introduced a Wetness indicator onto all their TENA Pants products to help you identify simply when the product needs changing.
Other benefits of TENA Pants Maxi include:
- Odour Control System to keep you protected for up to 12 hours.
- 3 Absorption layers including for fast absorption and greater capacity.
- “Feel Dry” (TM) Top sheet to keep skin dry and protected.
- “Air Dry” 100% Breathable waterproof backing aids comfort and prevents perspiration.
- Outer and Inner leg cuffs for extra anti-leak protection.
- Body-Close Fit (TM) and Elasticated Waistband for optimum fittin for better security and discretion.
- Side tears for easy removal.
A fitting guide can be downloaded here – TENA Pants Fitting Guide.
Marathon runners may be preoccupied with shin splints, chafing and blisters on race day, but they should also consider bladder health, a U.S. researcher says.
“The added stress on the body that comes with running a marathon can cause urinary stress incontinence problems during the race or down the road,” Dr. Melinda Abernethy of the Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, said in a statement. “People who already suffer from incontinence also are at risk for bladder-control issues while running.”
Stress incontinence – the loss of urine from physical activity such as coughing, sneezing and running — is the most common form of urinary incontinence, and affects women more often than men.
Researchers at the Loyola University Health System plan to survey Chicago area runners to study the relationship between long-distance running and pelvic floor disorders, Abernethy said. Until more is known, Abernethy recommends runners monitor their fluid intake and go to the toilet at least every few hours during a marathon.
“Putting off going to the bathroom during the race is not healthy for your bladder,” Abernethy said. “Runners also should avoid diuretics, such as coffee or tea, before the race, because this can stimulate the bladder and cause you to visit the bathroom more frequently.”
Abernethy added pelvic floor exercises such as kegels, may help runners prevent urine leakage during the race.
Carolyn Upton, an exercise enthusiast first noticed that she had stress incontinence in her mid-forties.
“Running, jumping jacks. All those things were really terrible for me,” she said. She was one of 64 women picked for a first of its kind study. Urologist Kenneth Peters is testing a non-surgical procedure to help and possibly cure stress urinary incontinence. Patients undergo a leg biopsy to remove muscle for cultivation.
“We would take a little piece of muscle,” said Peters. Cells from that muscle were isolated. Then, grown in the lab and separated into different doses. “Ten million, 50 million, 100 million or 200 million cells.”
The cells are injected to help regenerate muscles that control the bladder. Six months later the initial results seem promising.
“The majority of patients had at least 50-percent reduction in their incontinence. Depending on the dose, anywhere from 20-50 percent of patients become completely dry,” said Peters. It appears the higher the dose the better the outcomes. Carolyn says her problem is about 80-percent better since the procedure.
“It really does change your life,” she said. A larger clinical trial in the works and could happen within the next year.
Abena’s incontinence products are produced in Denmark, Sweden, Germany and France. Abena incontinence products are amongst the more technologically advanced.
The Abena Abri-San range forms a complete range of anatomically shaped pads for all degrees of incontinence from for lighter through to moderate or heavier incontinence. Abri-San Incontinence pads are designed to be worn with mesh support pants or close fitting underwear.
The new advanced double 3 layered absorbent core ensures fluids are locked inside the absorbent core and contact with the skin is minimised. Also the new soft and discreet textile back sheet offers greater wearing comfort and no rustling or noise.
Abena Abri-San Sizes (Approx.):
BOTOX(R) has been licensed by the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) for the management of urinary incontinence in adult patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) due to subcervical spinal cord injury (SCI) (traumatic or non-traumatic) or multiple sclerosis (MS), who are not adequately managed with anticholinergics. The marketing authorisation is specific for Allergan’s botulinum toxin type A product and is a milestone in bringing this treatment to people living with MS or SCI who have urinary leakage, providing them with a long-term solution for bladder control.
Approximately 140,000 people in the UK are living with MS or SCI. Between 75-80% of people with MS and 60-80% of people with SCI will suffer from some degree of bladder dysfunction including urinary incontinence. Urinary leakage in patients with MS or SCI is frequently caused by a condition called neurogenic detrusor overactivity, which results in involuntary contractions of the bladder during the filling stage when the bladder should be relaxed. This overactivity can lead to urinary incontinence (uncontrolled urinary leakage). Current treatment options include oral medications that need to be taken daily.
However, less than 30% of patients manage to stay on oral medication for longer than a period of 12 months. If oral medications fail to control the leakage, then patients may require surgical intervention. Targeted injections with Allergan’s botulinum toxin type A product into the bladder muscle have been shown to reduce the involuntary contractions and increase bladder capacity. In turn, this reduces the number of urinary leakage episodes and may even stop leakage altogether in some patients.
“Historically, the management of urinary incontinence due to NDO has relied on daily medications. However, many patients find that daily medications are difficult to adhere to and sometimes these medications have limited effect,” said Professor Christopher Chapple, Urology Department, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield NHS Trust.
Many people who have neurological diseases and are suffering from urinary incontinence remain undiagnosed and untreated. Amy Bowen, Director of Service Development at the MS Trust, explained, “For many people with MS, urinary leakage is frequently seen as a taboo subject with patients often reluctant or too embarrassed to talk about the symptoms to anyone. As a result, many people with MS can feel distressed, socially isolated and that they lack of control over their condition. It is a really positive development that there is now an additional, effective treatment option to help manage this difficult problem. Hopefully, more people with MS who are struggling with urinary leakage will feel confident to discuss these symptoms with their MS specialists and find the treatment option that is right for them.”
Millions of women experience a loss of bladder control, or urinary incontinence, in their lifetime. It’s a common and often embarrassing problem that many patients don’t bring up with their doctors – and when they do, it may be mentioned as a casual side note during a visit for more pressing medical issues. New guidelines from doctors at the University of Michigan Health System offer family doctors a step-by-step guide for the evaluation of urinary leakage, to prevent this quality-of-life issue from being ignored.
“I think a lot of physicians don’t realize that this problem can be successfully treated without surgery or other major interventions and there are some pretty simple things they can do in the office to make a big difference for a lot of women,” says lead author Abigail Lowther, M.D., clinical lecturer in the Department of Family Medicine. “We hope to give primary care providers a framework for how to evaluate and treat different many forms of incontinence without the need for referral to a specialist.”
The article was published in the Journal of Family Practice this month (Reference: “Managing incontinence: A 2-visit approach,” Journal of Family Practice, September 2012, Vol. 61, No.9.)
Studies have found that 10 to 40 percent of women older than 18 years old – and as many as 53 percent of those over 50 – are affected by urinary incontinence. Among the long list of culprits are childbirth, aging and obesity. Despite the prevalence of female incontinence, however, busy family doctors may not hear about the problem until well into a visit focused on separate health issues – and some doctors may not feel like they can help.
But the paper suggests three simple, immediate steps a doctor can take to address the problem while keeping the appointment on track: Collecting a urine sample, asking the patient to keep a diary that charts fluid intake and urination and scheduling a follow-up visit. By the second visit, the physician will have more information for further evaluation and a management plan. High-yield questions will also classify the type of incontinence being experienced. Questions may include asking how worried patients are that coughing will lead to a leak, how quickly patients need to find a bathroom when their bladder is full and whether washing hands – or the sound of running water – leads to leakage.
Urinary incontinence of all types can be a great disruption to daily activities, ranging from occasionally leaking urine after a cough or sneeze to having an urge so sudden that patients may not make it to the bathroom in time. For some, bladder leakage may be a symptom of another underlying medical condition.
Lowther says some women don’t broach the subject with doctors because they think loss of bladder control is a normal part of aging. But left untreated, it may get worse with time and lead to more restrictions, she says.
“We want to emphasize to women that this is not something they have to live with, that they should tell their primary care physicians about their symptoms,” Lowther says. “We also want to remind physicians that simple interventions can go a long way towards improving this problem for patients.”
We’ve just added a new video to our “About Incontinence” website page. The video talks through incontinence and bladder issues and talks about the common types and what causes them including Stress Incontinence, Urge Incontinence, Overflow (or Drip), Mixed Incontinence, Reflex Incontinence and Faecal Incontinence.
The video can also be seen below.
Julie Goodyear has been causing havoc in the Celebrity Big Brother house.
“I sneeze, I pee,” she announced to fellow housemates, flicking away any embarrassment at suffering from urinary incontinence as if it were ash at the end of her trademark cigarette holder. In doing so she highlighted the millions of Britons who have poor bladder control.
It is estimated 14 million people in the UK have urinary incontinence and although it can occur at any time of life problems are most likely in middle age. One in five women over the age of 40 experience problems although men can also be affected, particularly if they have undergone prostate surgery.
However, as Julie, 70, has shown, there is no need to suffer in silence and there are many ways to deal with the problem.
Professor Linda Cardozo, an expert in urogynaecology at King’s College Hospital in London, says: “There is not one solution for everyone but there is help for absolutely everybody.”
There are four types of incontinence: stress, which causes leaks when you cough, sneeze or laugh; urgency, which is characterised by a sudden compelling need to pass urine; mixed, which is a combination of the two; and overflow, which occurs when the bladder overfills but there is no corresponding urge to urinate.
Childbirth increases the risk of problems. A Norwegian study published in the New England Journal Of Medicine found 10 per cent of childless women experience problems compared to 16 per cent of those who had children via caesarean and 21 per cent who had a vaginal delivery.
Other factors include loss of muscle tone as we age, obesity and lifestyle. Smokers like Julie are more likely to suffer because of their chronic cough. Constipation can also increase pressure on the bladder. White wine, champagne and caffeine-based drinks are the most irritating for the bladder but the fashion for downing copious amounts of water doesn’t help either.“Women often drink far more than they ought to. There is absolutely no need to drink all that sippy mineral water,” Professor Cardozo says.
“In a temperate climate the fluid intake recommended by renal physicians is 24mls per kilogram of body weight. For the average woman that would equate to 1,200 to 1,500mls a day.”
Diet versions of popular carbonated drinks are also more likely to cause problems than standard sugary ones. “The diet drinks are better for teeth and weight but they are not better for your bladder,” Professor Cardozo says.
Some forms of exercise are bad news. “Trampolining is about the worst, 70 per cent of women will leak when they are on a trampoline.” High-impact aerobics and weight training can also cause leaks but exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor, the sling of muscles which holds the bladder in place, will help reduce symptoms if you do them regularly. Professor Cardozo says pelvic toning devices may help, if only to identify the right muscles to flex and relax.
If in doubt ask your GP for a referral to a member of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Women’s Health or search their website for a local one.
Incontinence specialists can offer distraction techniques such as sitting on the edge of a hard chair and other tips to minimise the risk of accidents.
If the problem is more troublesome you may be prescribed antimuscarinic drugs that suppress involuntary bladder contractions. A new class of drug which regulates nerve signals to the bladder will be available within a year or two.
Botox and other forms of botulinum A toxins are another option: injected into the wall of the bladder they can prevent for up to a year the muscle spasms which trigger leaks.
Surgical solutions involve slings to support the bladder, procedures to lift the neck of the bladder or placing a tape under the urethra which blocks urine if the pelvic floor drops. “It works like a hosepipe when kinked,” Professor Cardozo explains.
“The most important thing to remember is there is help available. Urinary incontinence is no longer such a taboo because there are so many high profile people who have now admitted to having problems.”
Work is stressful. But when the added strain of a medical condition keeps you from performing your best, the workday can be even more worrisome.
Stress incontinence is a medical condition caused when the muscles and nerves that hold or release urine fail to function properly. This results in an involuntary loss of small to significant amounts of urine during movement (for example, coughing, exercising or lifting).
Women are much more likely than men to experience urinary incontinence. In fact, incontinence can cause monthly on-the-job, performance-related issues for more than one-third of women in the work-force. According to a study by the University of Michigan, women who indicated that incontinence had a negative effect on their work stated their ability to complete tasks without interruption (34%) and their self-confidence (28%) were affected significantly (see chart).
Negative impact of incontinence on work performance
|Aspect of work||Percent|
|Ability to complete tasks without interruption||34%|
|Performance of physical activities||29%|
|Ability to concentrate||19%|
Stress incontinence can be embarrassing to the people it afflicts. It can also create feelings of powerlessness. Employers can help by ensuring appropriate access to toilets (this means allowing employees reasonable use of toilets, especially if they have a medical condition) and that these comply with relevant regulations and standards.
Employees with urinary incontinence should have a candid discussion with their manager about their condition. This will help assure he or she understands that frequent trips to the restroom are medically necessary and not performance related.
There are ways to relieve the embarrassment caused by stress incontinence. Several treatments: lifestyle, behavioural and surgical are available, and your doctor or urologist should be able to recommend the ones best for you.
Your physician will ask you to record the times and frequency of bathroom breaks to determine a pattern. A schedule will be developed so you gain control over your voiding and can extend the time between scheduled trips to the restroom.
Pelvic Floor exercises strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor. If done correctly, women could see marked improvement with incontinence in about eight to 12 weeks.
Remember, you’re not alone. Millions of people the world over have daily, severe incontinence, and many more are diagnosed with mild to moderate urinary incontinency. The condition is more prevalent in women due to childbearing, with a 30% report rate for women ages 15 to 64. Men are less affected, about 15%, but the rates are rising as more men undergo prostate surgery. The best news is that it is treatable. If you or someone you know is affected by incontinence, talk with a medical professional about treatments.